Living on the wrong side of the development gap

The topic is living on the wrong side oft he development gap. In the following I want to describe Sri Lankas development status, considering the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Income (GNI) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The GDP means the value of the goods and services produced in a country over a year. In 2011 it was 59.17 billion US dollars, this is roughly equivalent to 0,10 percentage of the worlds economy. It also includes measures of national income and output for a given country’s economy.

In the Human Development Index ranking, Sri Lanka is on rank 97 and belongs to the medium human development countries. The HDI includes many human development indicators. The life expectancy at birth accounts 74.9 years. The Education Index describes the expected and mean years of schooling and conducts 0,680. The multidimensional poverty index is 2.1%, the gender inequality is 41.9% and the (economic) sustainability, adjusted net savings, accounts 16.4% of GNI.

 

The development status of Sri Lanka is medium as it is on rank 97, considering the HDI. The HDI constantly increased from 1980 till now. The same case applies to the GDP, it constantly increased from 17.1 billion US dollars in 2003 to 59.172 US dollars in 2012, whereat the biggest increasement was from 2011 to 2012. This economic growth results from large-scale reconstruction and developing projects. Sri Lanka tries to combine government direct policies and private investments to increase growth in less developed areas, develop small and medium enterprises, and increase agricultural productivity.

But in matter of the debt crisis, Sri Lanka’s government had to cope with the high debt interest payments. The global financial crisis in 2008 and 2009 and recessions exposed Sri Lanka’s economy and nearly caused a balance of payment crisis. But retrospective to the big increasement in 2011 the final trigger was the rebounding of economic activity with the end of the war in 2010 and 2011. This brought the quality of life forward and led to an increasing HDI as well.

Summed up can be said that the economic history of Sri Lanka considering the debt/financial crisis and its end led to higher development of the country in all sectors, because they depend on each other.

 

The aid Sri Lanka Foundation was set up in the immediate aftermath of the tsunami which devastated parts of Asia on 26th December 2004. Using international and Sri Lankan volunteers on the ground, the Foundation aims to provide assistance to some of the one million people affected by the disaster. In the following I want to evaluate if the aid project is social-, economic, – and environmental sustainable.

From what I have read on the homepage, I can say that this aid project is sustainable. Because they provide direct aid to survivors and help them rebuild their lifes. They are working on different projects, which will provide long-term, sustainable benefits for the people and communities they work with. It is social sustainable, because they have good requirements: The team lived in Sri Lanka long before the catastrophe and their local knowledge and contacts have reduced the cultural and language barriers and enabled them to work efficient and effective from the beginning on . They know what the people need and provide cultural sensitivity. Different projects are sustainable on different sectors.

The Foundation is also social sustainable because the build up two schools, which provide a high quality, safe and pleasant learning environment for up to 135 children. The project also provided needed equipment and materials. To make it more sustainable they bought additional equipment which maybe required over the next five years. Giving the children a chance to get education, strengths the economy later. The Women Entrepreneurs Project proofs more economic sustainability. The project helps small-business-women to rebuild their livelihood and gave them equipment and raw materials to get their business back. They had to sign an agreement that they use the goods for their business and don’t sell them on. The project continues with further training and assisting the women in marketing and more.

These to project examples should be enough to proof the sustainability of the aid foundation. All the new change include environmental sustainability as well, because destroyed places have been rebuild and so on.

I am assumed from this foundation, which even has a swimming teaching project for women to provide survival skills.

 

I took this picture in Sri Lanka in 2005 one year after the disaster. It was really sad that they only started rebuilding big hotels and didn’t really help the people..

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